Inhibitory effects of 22-oxa-calcitriol and all- trans retinoic acid on the growth of a canine osteosarcoma derived cell-line in vivo and its pulmonary metastasis in vivo

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Published on Friday, 20 May 2022

Abstract

Pulmonary metastasis is a major cause of death and a major obstacle to the successful treatment of canine osteosarcoma. However, the residual capacity of the neoplasia for differentiation and its susceptibility to undergo apoptosis may be used to suppress its growth and metastatic properties.

The highly metastasizing POS (HMPOS) canine osteosarcoma cell line which preferentially metastasize to the lungs was used to test the possible efficacy of 22-oxa-calcitriol (OCT) and all- trans retinoic acid (ATRA) to inhibit growth and pulmonary metastasis of the subcutaneously grown osteosarcoma in nude mice.

Treatments in vitro, morphologically elongated and increased alkaline phosphatase activity and staining of cells.

Tumour growth in vivo was inhibited significantly and the combination treatment of OCT and ATRA (OCT + ATRA) exerted a synergistic and stronger suppression at concentration of 1.0 microg kg(-1)body weight when given subcutaneously three times a week for 5 weeks.

The subcutaneous tumours of the control mice consisted of osteoblast-like cells and isolated chondroblast-like cells, but formed several areas of osteoid and increased amount of collagen tissue in all treated mice.

Pinpoint macrometastatic nodules developed only in all control mice. Micrometastatic nodule developed only in two of six mice treated with ATRA. However, nodule size and number, and lung wet weight were all reduced significantly. Metastasis were not seen in the mice treated with OCT or OCT + ATRA.

This study demonstrated that inhibition of growth and pulmonary metastasis was induced by subcutaneous treatment with these drugs and suggest that both its differentiating and apoptotic inducing activities may be responsible for the antitumour effects.

These drugs may be useful in the clinic as an adjunct for the treatment of canine osteosarcoma.

 



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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;


 


- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives - Approximately 60mg per day orally: 40mg per day Beta-Carotene/β-Carotene, 10mg per day ATRA and 10mg per day Axerophthol palmitate);

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E, approximately 20 grams per day orally);

- Cancer and Vitamin E (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of somatostatin, curcumin, and quercetin on the fatty acid profile of breast cancer cell membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2020 Sep: Two neuroendocrine G protein-coupled receptor molecules, somatostatin and melatonin: Physiology of signal transduction and therapeutic perspectives (from Di Bella's Foundation).


 


- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis.