Detection of human lung epithelial cell growth factors produced by a lung carcinoma cell line: use in culture of primary solid lung tumors

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Published on Monday, 28 December 2020

Abstract

Serum-free medium conditioned for 72 h by a human bronchioloalveolar carcinoma of lung, A549-1, stimulated the colony formation of normal human bronchial epithelial cells, newly cultured cells from human solid lung tumors, and established human lung tumor cell lines, including A549-1 cells themselves.

This activity was concentration dependent and was stable to acid. Growth factors in A549-1 conditioned medium (CM) supported culture of solid lung tumors; primary cell cultures were obtained from nine of 10 solid lung tumors of non-small cell origin and from one small cell tumor using A549-1 CM.

In addition, three cell lines have been established to date from these primary cultures.

Gel filtration of concentrated A549-1 CM on Biogel P-10 separated the growth promoting activity into four regions of apparent Mr 70,000, 12,000, 8,000, and 6,000, and two broad regions of apparent Mr 3000-5000. All but the 12,000 Mr fraction contained activity which competed for specific binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) to A431 cell membranes.

CM was superior to both EGF and TGF alpha in stimulating growth of normal and neoplastic lung cells.

EGF also was inhibitory to tumor cells while TGF alpha stimulated both normal and tumor cell growth. TGF beta was also found in CM but inhibited normal and neoplastic lung epithelial cell growth. Of other substances tested, ILGF-I stimulated colony formation.

The results suggest that autocrine factors may be important in non-small cell lung tumor cell growth and that differences in response to EGF and TGF alpha may provide the basis for selective culturing of normal and neoplastic lung epithelial cells.

 

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- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of somatostatin, curcumin, and quercetin on the fatty acid profile of breast cancer cell membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2020 Sep: Two neuroendocrine G protein-coupled receptor molecules, somatostatin and melatonin: Physiology of signal transduction and therapeutic perspectives (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

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- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.