Immunohistochemical detection of GHRH and its receptor splice variant 1 in primary human breast cancers

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Published on Friday, 21 February 2014

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: GHRH is secreted by the hypothalamus and, upon binding to specific GHRH receptors in the pituitary, stimulates growth hormone (GH) production and release from the pituitary. In addition to this neuroendocrine action, accumulated evidence implies additional roles for GHRH in carcinogenesis in non-pituitary tissues. In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that splice variant 1 (SV1) of the GHRH receptor, which is widely expressed in non-pituitary tissues and cancers, can mediate the proliferative effects of GHRH. The aim of the present study was to investigate the operation of an autocrine stimulatory loop between GHRH and SV1 in primary breast tumors.

DESIGN: Fifty-three primary breast tumors were evaluated for GHRH and SV1 expression.

METHODS: Expression of GHRH and SV1 was assessed by immunohistochemistry using anti-GHRH SV95 and anti-SV1 2317/5 polyclonal antibodies.

RESULTS: About 40% of the specimens tested express GHRH and/or SV1 (approx. 25% each), while in 35% of these positive specimens co-expression of these antigens was detected (P < 0.01). Furthermore, a correlation of GHRH, but not SV1, expression was detected in lobular compared with ductal carcinomas.

CONCLUSIONS: These results constitute the first demonstration for the expression of GHRH and SV1 in primary breast cancers, and provide evidence for the operation of an autocrine stimulatory loop between GHRH and SV1 in primary cancers. Our findings indicate that GHRH analogs could have diagnostic and therapeutic applications for the management of breast cancer.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.