Tyrosine phosphorylation of Grb2: role in prolactin/epidermal growth factor cross talk in mammary epithelial cell growth and differentiation

Published on Tuesday, 25 February 2014


Characterizing mechanisms regulating mammary cell growth and differentiation is vital, as they may contribute to breast carcinogenesis.

Here, we examine a cross talk mechanism(s) downstream of prolactin (PRL), a primary differentiation hormone, and epidermal growth factor (EGF), an important proliferative factor, in mammary epithelial cell growth and differentiation.

Our data indicate that EGF exerts inhibitory effects on PRL-induced cellular differentiation by interfering with Stat5a-mediated gene expression independent of the PRL-proximal signaling cascade. Additionally, our data show that PRL is a potent inhibitor of EGF-induced cell proliferation.

We identify tyrosine phosphorylation of the growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (Grb2) as a critical mechanism by which PRL antagonizes EGF-induced cell proliferation by attenuating the activation of the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway.

Together, our results define a novel negative cross-regulation between PRL and EGF involving the Jak2/Stat5a and Ras/MAPK pathways through tyrosine phosphorylation of Grb2.



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